Acute Renal Failure

Acute kidney failure is an acute condition that results in impaired filter capacity of the kidney. With impaired filtering ability, waste accumulates in the blood and may damage some organs or create dangerous fluid imbalances. It develops rapidly and needs immediate treatment, most of the times requiring hospitalization. Preventing complications is crucial.

One night in August 1973, as the duty paediatric surgeon at the Institute of Child Health at Egmore in Chennai, I was called to see an 18-month-old child facing acute renal failure. A nephrologist from the government general hospital was then called to see the child. A peritoneal dialysis was tried,...

More than 10,000 uninsured patients sought care at Texas emergency departments for life-saving kidney dialysis in 2017, incurring more than $21.8 million in hospital costs, finds data from The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. Patients with kidneys that no longer function require...

Her pregnancy was monitored without intercurrences, and she has neither recently traveled nor taken drugs or medicinal herbs. Clinicians make a presumptive diagnosis of acute fatty liver of pregnancy, and admit the patient to the delivery room. This rare disease remains an obstetric emergency, requi...

Cadmium and lead are notable for their widespread contamination, long lasting effects in the body, and renal as well as cardiovascular toxicity. Acute toxicity due to high level exposure, as well as chronic low level exposure are now well-established pathogenic entities. Both chronic renal failure a...

In patients with stage 3 chronic kidney disease undergoing nonemergent computed tomography with iodine-based contrast media, withholding prehydration with sodium bicarbonate does not lead to worse renal outcomes, according to study results published online ahead of print in JAMA Internal Medicine. I...

Results of the comparative study indicated chlorthalidone use did not provide significant cardiovascular benefits but was associated with an increase in serious side effects-including chronic kidney disease and electrolyte abnormalities-when compared to hydrochlorothiazide. While the 2017 American C...

THURSDAY, Feb. 13, 2020 - Orthostatic hypotension during hypertension treatment is not associated with a higher risk for cardiovascular disease events, according to a study published online Jan. 27 in Hypertension. During a median three-year follow-up, the researchers found 1,170 instances of OH amo...

Clinical recognition of renal signs in hantavirus infections can reduce risk for death. Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome is a characteristic clinical entity that manifests with fever, hypotension, and renal failure and can also manifest as a mild glomerulonephritis and renal insufficiency. Publ...

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